英文文法詳解:”the +形容詞 及”集合名詞”搭配 單數或複數動詞?

“the + 形容詞” 
the poor (窮人)=the rich (people)
the rich (富人)=the rich (people) 
the young (年輕人)=the young (adults)
the elderly (老年人)
the disabled (殘障的人)
the unemployed (失業的人)
the disadvantaged (弱勢的人)

 “the + 形容詞” 的用法=名詞片語

是把後面的名詞省略掉,所以實質上是複數名詞,所以要搭配複數動詞。

  • The elderly are relatively vulnerable to infectious diseases, such as COVID-19. 
  • Those who have more, such as the rich,  are required to help the poor and the disadvantaged. 

英文集合名詞

Collective nouns can be used in either the singular or plural form, depending on the context. A collective noun is used to describe a group of people, such as family, committee, team, army, crowd, jury, minority, public, etc. When the collective noun is acting in unison, use the singular form. When the members of the unit act as individuals, use plural forms of verbs and pronouns. 

 

集合名詞用於表示一群人、事、物。 動詞該使單數或複數,是依據句中意思,指整體時用單數;若指團體中的個體則搭配複數動詞!

 

The jury fails to reach its verdict. =因為是整體成員對判決達成共識

 

例外

集合名詞如 police, people 永遠當做複數(所以搭配複數動詞)。

  •  police警方,單指一個警察:policeman/ police officer就可以搭配單數名詞 
  •  people 人們

 


a + 集合名詞 + of + 動物(複數形式) … + 單數動詞

  • A flock of birds 一群鳥
  • A herd of elephants 
  • A litter of kittens/ litter of puppies
  • a pod of dolphins 一群海豚
  • A swarm of flies一群蒼蠅

 

 

集合名詞範例

  • a box of chocolate
  • a board of directors
  • a bunch of flowers
  • a bucket of water
  • an army of soldiers
  • a galaxy of stars
  • a choir of singers
  • a band of musicians
  • an array of magazines
  • a batch of DVDs
  • a bowl of cereal
  • a bevy of options
  • a crowd of fans
  • a deck of cards
  • a pile of garbage
  • a brood of chickens
  • a school of fish
  • a colony of ants
  • a hive of bees
  • a skein of swans
  • a clutch of rabbits
  • a swarm of wasps
  • a nest of robins
  • a flight of doves
  • a pack of wolves
  • a flock of ducks
  • audience (觀眾) 
  • the general public (大眾)
  • board (董事會)
  • chorus (合唱團) 
  • club (俱樂部)
  • jury (陪審團)
  • committee (委員會)
  • corps (兵團)
  • crew (船員)
  • crowd (人群)
  • flock (群)
  • herd (群)
  • senate (參議院)

 


冠詞(articles)
定冠詞(definite article)

不定冠詞(indefinite articles)
可數名詞(countable nouns)

不可數名詞(uncountable nouns)
單數與複數(singular and plural)
具體名詞(concrete nouns)

抽象名詞(abstract nouns)
集合名詞(collective noun)
複合名詞(compound noun)

 


“No” 後面+ 單數名詞或複數名詞?

一般多數情況, “No” 後面接可數名詞(Countable noun),使用複數。後面的接不可數名詞(Uncountable noun)就無須考慮單複數了。如:I have no money.

例外情況

有些人事物通常不會大於一個,如丈夫、妻子等。譬如___ has no wife.或强調「絕對沒有」,也會使用單數名詞。 No job is perfect without good colleagues. [強調所有好的工作都要有好的同事]

 

Reference

Comparing Countable, Mass, and Collective Nouns

 

Wise Library 1985

Wise Library 1985

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